When our service began in 1988, IVF was a very recent advance. Today it is used successfully across the world and more than five million IVF babies have been born, half of which over the last six years.
Making the decision to seek advice on fertility issues can be daunting and nerve-racking. However, we are entirely patient focused and we strive to offer the best in treatment and support, thus our highly motivated and dedicated team of experts take a personal and caring approach to all our patients.
Supported by a team of specialist in the fields of fertility and gynaecology, we offer advice and treatments in all aspects of assisted conception, gynaecology, and endoscopic surgery. We provide comprehensive assistance to couples who are not able to conceive on their own. This ranges from fairly simple techniques such as timing intercourse and inducing ovulation, through to more advanced treatments (through our associates) such as in vitro fertilisation (IVF) and IVF/ICSI using a sperm or egg donor.
Services offered at our Medical Centre and through our associates include:
Ovulation induction is the artificial stimulation of the ovaries to produce oocytes and is done in cases where the event of ovulation is not regular.
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a procedure that involves placing sperm inside a woman’s uterus to facilitate fertilization. The goal of IUI is to increase the number of sperm that reach the fallopian tubes and subsequently increase the chance of fertilization. Sperm sample is washed and prepared in the clinical laboratory allowing the separation and concentration of motile spermatozoa in relatively small volumes.
Conventional IVF involves the removal of the human oocytes from the ovaries and the fertilization process which is accomplished by “letting” motile spermatozoa to fertilise the oocytes into a special culture medium. Once embryos form, they are then transferred into the uterine cavity through a process called Embryo Transfer. IVF essentially attempted to mimic the biological processes in vivo.
ICSI involves the direct injection of a single spermatozoon intracytoplasmically into a mature oocyte. On the day of egg collection the oocytes are retrieved from the ovaries and are prepared for subsequent injection. Sperm sample is collected and prepared in the Laboratory. The ICSI procedure is performed under a microscope with the use of multiple micromanipulation devices. Each mature oocyte is injected with a single spermatozoon. Fertilization is scored after 18-22 hours. The embryos that develop are observed and monitored for 3-5/6 days until embryo replacement to the uterine cavity.
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) involves the genetic testing of embryos followed by the selective transfer of genetically normal embryos. PGD/PGS can be offered for several genetic diseases and syndromes. Common genetic diseases that can be prevented through PGD/PGS include any chromosomal abnormalities (e.g. Down syndrome), thalassaemia, cystic fibrosis, fragile X syndrome, X-Linked disorders, etc.. In Cyprus, where the frequency of the individuals that carry the gene of b-thalassaemia is high in the population, PGD is of great importance.
Oocyte donation is performed in most cases, when a couple wishes to have a child, but the woman's ovaries are no longer able to produce good quality or no oocytes at all.
Our associate Center provides a sperm donation program following published guidelines together with the compliance to Cypriot legal regulations. The sperm bank of the center maintains cryopreserved semen samples that is obtained from recognized European sperm banks.
Gametes can undergo cryopreservation for long term storage. Samples are kept in Liquid Nitrogen (-196ºC) and stored in specialized liquid nitrogen dewars.
Cryopreservation of cleavage and blastocyst stage embryos has become a necessity with patients who have a greater number of high quality embryos than those transferred.
A hysterosalpingogram (HSG) is an X-ray test that looks at the inside of the uterus and fallopian tubes and the area around them. It often is done for women who are having a hard time becoming pregnant.
Hysteroscopy is the inspection of the uterine cavity by endoscopy with access through the cervix. It allows for the diagnosis of intrauterine pathology.